Yemen Saudi Arabia Agreement: What You Need to Know
In a major development for the ongoing civil war in Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Yemen`s government reached a ceasefire agreement with the Houthi rebels on November 23, 2021. The peace deal, brokered by the United Nations, aims to end the six-year-long conflict that has caused the world`s worst humanitarian crisis.
But what led to this agreement, and what does it mean for the people of Yemen? Here`s a closer look.
The Conflict in Yemen
The current conflict in Yemen began in 2014 when the Houthi rebels, who are aligned with Iran, overthrew the Yemeni government and took control of the capital, Sanaa. The Saudi-led coalition, backed by several Western powers, including the United States, intervened in 2015 to restore the government`s control and prevent the spread of Iran`s influence in the region.
Since then, the conflict has escalated, with both sides accused of committing war crimes, including targeting civilians and using weapons banned under international law. The humanitarian situation in Yemen has deteriorated, with millions of people at risk of famine and disease.
The Ceasefire Agreement
The ceasefire agreement, signed in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, calls for an immediate halt to all hostilities in Yemen. It also includes measures to open humanitarian corridors and airports to allow for the delivery of aid and the movement of civilians.
The deal aims to create a conducive environment for the resumption of political talks between Yemen`s government and the Houthi rebels. The negotiations are expected to address the formation of a new government, the withdrawal of foreign forces, and the disarmament of armed groups.
Implications of the Agreement
The ceasefire agreement is a significant step towards ending the conflict in Yemen, but its success depends on the parties` willingness to implement the terms of the deal. Previous peace efforts have failed, and there are concerns that the Houthi rebels may not comply with the agreement.
The deal`s success also depends on the international community`s support, including the United States, Britain, and France, which have backed the Saudi-led coalition. The Biden administration has welcomed the peace deal and called for all parties to respect the ceasefire, but there are calls for more robust action to ensure compliance.
The Yemen Saudi Arabia Agreement is a crucial development in the ongoing conflict in Yemen. If implemented, it could help alleviate the suffering of millions of people and create a path towards a political solution to the crisis. However, it remains to be seen whether the parties will uphold their commitments and whether the international community will take the necessary steps to ensure compliance.